Test results published by Indian Affairs Canada shows First Nations students on reserves in Ontario, Manitoba, Atlantic Canada and Alberta are struggling with reading, writing and math. In Ontario, only 21 per cent of boys and 32 per cent of girls are meeting requirements in reading and writing. In Alberta, 28 per cent of boys and 36 per cent of girls are meeting the standard. In Ontario, 18 per cent of boys and 20 per cent of girls are making the grade in numeracy, with similar results showing in Alberta. Yet not all schools did the standardized tests. Aboriginal Affairs Minister Bernard Valcourt, citing privacy concerns, could not say how many took the tests.