Shannen Koostachin - Footprints

Shannen Koostachin dancing at event


Youth leader led the fight for new school and children's rights

Shannen Koostachin threw a small pebble in a big pond that caused ripples to reverberate across the country.
But the stone had barely left her hand when, shockingly, she was killed in a motor vehicle accident on an Ontario highway.

At only 15, the Mushkego Innanu James Bay Cree from Attawapiskat
First Nation garnered national attention when she confronted federal
minister of Indian Affairs Chuck Strahl on the steps of Parliament to
demand a new school for her community. Though he had excused himself
from the meeting with her earlier, Shannen caught up with him outside
and – looking him straight in the eye – told him that even though he had
broken an earlier government promise to build a new school, she and her
community weren’t going to give up.
She didn’t, and the school project campaign she led resulted in the government finally agreeing to her request in December 2009.

“Chuck Strahl is six-foot-four, imposing, and one of the strongest
men in the country, politically,” commented Stan Loutitt, grand chief of
the Mushkegowuk Council of tribes in northern Ontario. “But it brought
tears to my eyes when Shannen saw his oak-panelled, chandelier-lit
office and then told him, point blank, ‘one day I dream that my brothers
and sisters can go to a school as nice as this’.”

“I thought to myself ‘would I have thought to say those exact words
to his face when I was younger?’ No. I wouldn’t have. She taught me
something that day about being spontaneous and from-the-heart … never
mind all the briefings and caucusing we go through.

“Shannen knew she was speaking up not only for her community, but for
lots of other Aboriginal kids across Canada who don’t have equity in

According to Timmins-James Bay MP Charlie Angus, “Shannen didn’t want
to be an activist, but she emerged as a spirited young woman willing to
stand up and fight for her community.”

He became close to Shannen when she lived with his family for a year.
The two often travelled together while visiting Ontario schools
participating in a letter-writing campaign on behalf of the Attawapiskat
school project.
Angus marvelled at how confident Shannen became with each speech she gave and how she spoke “truth to power.”

“She could move journalists to tears,” he said. “But then, she could
be a classic teenager in the next moment, too, sitting in my van and
telling me, no, she didn’t have her homework finished or, yeah, she
would get around to cleaning up her room.”

It was Shannen’s older sister Serena who first became involved with
the new school project. She and many students before her attended
classes in drafty, substandard portable classrooms after the community’s
original school was closed in 2000 because it occupied land
contaminated by a diesel spill.

After Selena left the community to seek further education at a secondary school, Shannen took over from her.
of her speaking of having to wear her coat in class because the school
rooms were so cold, and seeing mice scramble over the lunches students
brought from home were posted on Youtube, and, along with a Facebook
campaign, drew support from thousands of youth from across Canada.

“We are denied basic educational rights,” she told the crowd at a
2008 student-led forum called Education is a Human Right held in
Toronto. The conference drew students of all cultures into the struggle
for better conditions in First Nation communities.

Shannen explained to delegates, “We have children in Attawapiskat who
have never been in a real school. It’s hard to get excited about coming
to a temporary school that’s unsafe and uncomfortable. Some students
are giving up as early as grades four and five. They just stop going to
school. They have no hopes.”

Though Shannen would deny being a heavyweight leader, Chief Loutitt
believes her father prepared her well to play an important role in
bringing change to her community.

“She comes from a large, strong, cohesive family deeply rooted in
Cree culture and the land,” he observed. “Her father Andrew has carried
on the beliefs and customs of our people and passed them on to his
children. Shannen participated in powwows and traditional ceremonies and
she was taught to believe in herself and act on what she believed in.
She was taught to never give up.”

Impressed by Shannen’s speech at a rally during the 2008 National
Aboriginal Day of Action, Cindy Blackstock, executive director of the
First Nations Child and Family Caring Society of Canada, saw in the
young woman a leader who could represent the rights of children across

“Here was a young person who didn’t just know the seven grandfather
teachings of love, honesty, truth, respect, courage, wisdom and
humility, she lived them,” said Blackstock.

“She wanted her brothers and sisters to have it better than she did,
and she was willing to put herself out there. She put a face to the
problems in her remote community. All of us remain committed to continue
what she started, to push for equitable funding so all children can
realize their potential. We’re pushing for safe and comfy schools, as
Shannon would say, for all children as a basic right.”

Blackstock helped head up an application to have Shannen awarded an International Peace Prize by the Nobel Laureate.

“She was one of only 45 kids in the world to be nominated when she’d
just turned 14. She didn’t win, but a day of remembrance was shared by a
group of international experts regarding the peace prize; they knew her
work well.”

Aside from adult praise, Shannen’s peers also recognized her as
someone special. Jocelyn Lazarus, who grew up playing with Shannen,
remembers her always smiling and acting kindly toward other kids.

“When we all heard about our school being closed down, Shannen
thought it might be possible to get a new one so she just went for it. I
thank her so much because she got what she wanted, finally. My cousin
made a new page on facebook called ‘become a fan if you think the new
school should be named after Shannen’. Seriously, I think it should be
named in her memory.”

Shannen died when the minivan she was riding in on May 31 south of
Tamagami, Ont. collided with a transport truck. She and the 56-year-old
driver of the vehicle were killed, while two other passengers in the
minivan sustained minor injuries. The driver of the truck was uninjured.

Blackstock expressed her hope readers would, in Shannen’s honor,
write to the Prime Minister at calling on him to ensure
First Nations children across Canada have safe schools and equitable

“Shannen never gave up and neither should any of us,” she urged.